Sam Yorty was an American politician, three-term
mayor of Los Angeles, California (1961-73),
U.S. congressman (January 3rd, 1951 - January 3rd, 1955),
and California state assemblyman (1936-40 and 1949-50).
Biographical fast facts
Full or original name at birth: Samuel William Yorty
Date and place of birth: October 1, 1909,
Lincoln, Nebraska, U.S.A.
Date, time, place and cause of death: June 5, 1998,
at 7:40 a.m., Studio City, California, U.S.A. (Pneumonia/Stroke)
Marriage #1: Elizabeth "Betts" Hansel
(m. December 1, 1938 - 1984) (her death)*
He also was widowed by his second wife, Gloria, then
married a third and final time to Valery King,
who survived him.
Son: William Egan Yorty (d. 1983, of cancer)
Father: Frank Patrick Yorty (a restaurant owner/farmer/handyman)
Mother: Johanna Egan Yorty
Remains: Cremated, ashes scattered
Error corrections or clarifications
* A number of sources erroneously report Sam Yorty
was married just once, and further claim that marriage
lasted from 1938 till his death in 1998. As noted above,
Mayor Yorty's first wife died in 1984, and that marriage
was followed by two more. He was also widowed by his
second wife, Gloria, and then married a third and final
time to Valery King Yorty, who survived him.
Sam Yorty was a colorful, contentious, combative mayor,
whose shoot-from-the-hip style of politics gave the media
plenty of fodder over his three terms in office. The Mayor
and the press were frequently at odds. His relationship
with the Los Angeles Times was little more than open warfare.
Yorty actually sued the L.A. Times over a political cartoon
that showed the Mayor seated behind his desk while attendants
in white coats, one with a straitjacket behind his back,
waited to cart him away. "I've got to go now," Yorty is
saying into the phone. "I've been appointed Secretary of
Defense and the Secret Service men are here." The case made
it all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, before ending in
defeat for Sam. He was an equal opportunity offender, managing
to anger both conservatives and liberals and making enemies in
both parties. But he also knew how to get the job done. He
was credited with expanding the city's freeway system into
one of the world's largest. This was one of the factors that
allowed the major growth the city saw while under his leadership.
He was also a strong backer of the Los Angeles Music Center,
Los Angeles Zoo and other popular cultural and business venues.
A couple of his notable firsts as mayor include, the first
Los Angeles mayor in the twentieth century to serve three
terms, a record ultimately surpassed by his successor
Tom Bradley, who served five terms. Yorty was the
first Los Angeles mayor to have an integrated staff that
included Hispanics, African-Americans and Asian-Americans,
and was the first to appoint a woman as deputy mayor. This
is all the more remarkable given that he was a critic of the
Civil Rights Movement, and an outspoken opponent of feminism.
Yorty was tagged with numerous nicknames, such as "Mayor Sam"
for his folksy demeanor, and "Travelin' Sam" for his globe-trotting
at public expense. Others include "Shoot-From-the-Lip Sam,"
the "Maverick Mayor," and "Saigon Sam" by those who claimed
he was more concerned with South Vietnam than South Central
Los Angeles. This moniker was also the result of his very vocal
support of the Vietnam War and the fact he was spending so
much time in South Vietnam. It was said Yorty was the only
mayor with a foreign policy: "Bomb 'em back to the Stone Age"
he said in regard to the Viet Cong in Vietnam.
Several times in his political career he supported candidates,
causes, or made inflammatory comments that were branded
political suicide, yet he repeatedly managed to bounce back
to the surprise of many.
A passionate anti-communist, and prominent communist hunter,
Yorty blamed "communist agitators" for various problems his
administration faced over the years. California Governor
Edmund G. "Pat" Brown, Sr. once called him, "the cleverest
concocter of phony issues I ever knew."
Both he and his administration were the recipients of harsh
criticism for their handling of the 1965 Watts riots, as well
as its aftermath. For all his faults, Sam Yorty generally
receives high marks for lowering property taxes, luring new
industry to the city, and facilitating the construction of
the Los Angeles Music Center. Regardless, many experts rank
him among the worst big-city U.S. mayors who served in the
second half of the twentieth century.
In the Los Angeles mayoral election of 1969, Mayor Yorty
was challenged by Los Angeles city councilman Tom Bradley.
Tom lost his bid for the city's highest office in
what turned into a bitter campaign. With the Watts riots
still fresh in the minds of many Los Angeles residents,
all it took to swing the election Sam Yorty's way were
a few leaked files that implied Bradley was a left-wing
radical with communist leanings. Four years later, Tom
Bradley would successfully unseat Mayor Yorty. At a time
when the city was only 18 percent African-American,
Bradley forged a broad-based coalition of liberals and
moderates to win the election. Samuel W. Yorty's loss
to Tom Bradley, an African-American, was a watershed
in Los Angeles history.
Yorty began his career in politics as a liberal Democrat,
but swung to the other end of the political spectrum
over the course of his career, becoming a conservative
Republican. His official switch from Democrat to Republican
took place in 1972, when George McGovern won the Democratic
Following his defeat, he hosted his own local television
talk show that ran for five years. Yorty later became the
host of a local radio call-in show. He also continued to
run for office, no matter how impractical. It's been
reported he ran for office close to 20 times. He lost
about half those races, including a try for the White
House in 1972, U.S. Senate campaigns in 1940, and another
in 1954, which he gave up his House seat to pursue.
He again tried for a U.S. Senate seat in 1956, and 1980,
as well as two campaigns for California governor in 1966
and 1970. In later campaigns, he was increasingly viewed
as a relic and was permanently branded by his previous
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