Thomas E. Dewey was an American politician,
three-term Republican governor of New York (1943-55),
and unsuccessful Republican candidate for president
in 1944 and 1948.
Biographical fast facts
Full or original name at birth: Thomas Edmund Dewey
Date, time and place of birth: March 24, 1902, at approximately 7:45 p.m.*,
at 323 West Main Street, Owosso, Michigan, U.S.A.
Date, time, place and cause of death: March 16, 1971,
at 3:15 p.m., Sea View Hotel, suite 711-12, Bal Harbour,
Florida, U.S.A. (Heart attack)
Wife: Frances E. Hutt (m. June 1928 - July 17, 1970) (her death)
Wedding took place at St. Thomas Episcopal Church,
Fifth Avenue, New York City, New York, U.S.A.
Sons: Thomas Edmund Dewey, Jr. (b. October 2, 1932, New York City, New York)
John Martin Dewey (b. October 1935)
Father: George Martin Dewey, Jr. (a newspaper publisher) (d. June 19, 1927,
of a heart attack)
Mother: Annie Louise (Thomas) Dewey (a homemaker)
(d. November 23, 1954, Owosso, Michigan, of a heart attack)
Burial site: Pawling Cemetery, Pawling, New York, U.S.A.
Error corrections or clarifications
* Governor Thomas E. Dewey was born in the
apartment above his grandfather's general store
on Main Street, in Owosso, Michigan, between
7 and 8 p.m. on March 24th, 1902. One source
reports 7:49 p.m. as his precise time of birth,
while others insist he was born at precisely
7 p.m. that March evening. 7:45 p.m. was the time
of birth reported by Dewey's secretary in response
to a 1938 inquiry.
Thomas E. Dewey was the only child of George and Annie
Dewey. Tom's childhood nickname was Ted, due to his
initials, as well as his rabid support of Teddy Roosevelt.
His family, and the town into which he was born, were
After being admitted to the New York bar in the 1920s,
Dewey joined the law firm of Larkin, Rathbone & Perry.
He found the endless paperwork he was assigned to do,
dull and monotonous. In 1927, he was let go, but was
quickly hired as an associate at the McNamara and
Seymour law firm. He found his new position, and the
work he was doing on the side for various New York
Republicans, much more to his liking.
Thomas Dewey served as chief assistant to the
U.S. Attorney for the southern district of New York
(1931-33). He came to national prominence as a
special prosecutor in charge of investigating
organized crime (1935-37) in New York City. Dewey
was elected District Attorney of New York City
in 1937, thanks in part to his popularity stemming
from his vigorous crusade against crime and his
phenomenal conviction rate. He was credited with
the convictions of numerous mobsters, including
Based on his strong record as a criminal prosecutor,
Dewey ran for governor of New York in 1938, but
lost the election. He was successful in his second
bid for the office in 1942 and was reelected by a
landslide in 1946. A third term followed his
reelection in 1950. Dewey's three terms as governor
of New York were notable for his honest, efficient
administration, that cut taxes, increased state aid
to education, and reduced the state's debt. It was
Governor Dewey who recommended that New York create
its own State University, and later, personally
signed the legislation that created the State
University of New York.
Dewey won the Republican nomination for president
in 1944, but lost the election to President Franklin
D. Roosevelt. Four years later he ran against
incumbent President Harry Truman. The polls, the
press and nearly every political expert agreed
Governor Dewey would easily win the election.
Defying all odds, Truman won an upset victory in
1948. In one of the most famous erroneous headlines
in American newspaper history, the Chicago Daily
Tribune front page proclaimed "Dewey Defeats Truman."
An iconic photograph of a jubilant President Truman
displaying a copy of the "Dewey Defeats Truman"
newspaper following Truman's upset victory, earned
Dewey a permanent place in American political folklore.
Governor Dewey was one of the more prominent
figures who repeatedly tried to convince a reluctant
General Dwight D. Eisenhower to seek the
U.S. Presidency. He was also instrumental in helping
Ike secure the Republican Party's presidential
nomination in 1952, and was one of the key supporters
who helped ensure Eisenhower's subsequent election.
Thomas Dewey retired from politics after serving his
third term as governor of New York and returned to
his law practice.
The most in-depth of more than three dozen sources
consulted in preparing this profile, was the
1982 biography, Thomas E. Dewey and His Times,
by Richard Norton Smith.
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